Many people within the Christian community claim that the God of Israel and Allah of Islam are the same. In fact, many people within the Christian and Islamic communities are attempting to convince the other side that they are the same. But is this claim a true statement? Let’s look at the Bible and the Qur’an to determine if it’s true by comparing the character of God and the character of Allah. Let’s also look at the demands of God and compare them to the demands of Allah.
Firstly, let’s compare the similarities. The Qur’an often declares that Allah is gracious, most merciful, all-knowing, oft-forgiving, all-hearing, and a promise keeper. All of these, and more, can also be attributed to the God of the Bible. The Qur’an is basically a book of instructions and thus provides no specific incidents where Allah exercised any of these attributes. Whereas the Bible has many incidents where God was gracious, merciful, forgiving, etc. However, in my opinion, this is where the similarities end.
Let’s first look at the loving relationship of Jehovah God with the nation of Israel, and compare this to Allah’s view and hatred of Israel. Throughout the entire Bible God declares Himself as the God of Israel, and the Holy One of Israel. He never declares Himself as the God of any other nation – only Israel. In addition to being the God or Holy One of Israel, He declares Himself as Israel’s King (John 1:49), Redeemer (Psalm 130:8), Saviour, Father (Jer. 31:9), Shepherd (Psalm 80:1), Salvation (Jer. 3:23). Israel as a nation and people are declared by God as His chosen (Isaiah. 44:1), elect (Isaiah 45:4), glory (Isaiah 46:13), rod (Jer. 51:19), servant (Is. 44:21), people (Is. 47:6), inheritance (Is. 47:6), hands (Is. 49:16, Jer. 18:6), first-born son (Ex. 4:22), dominion (Ps. 114:2), peculiar treasure (Ps. 135:4), nation (Is. 51.4), and the apple of His eye (Deut. 32:10, Ps. 17:8, Lam. 2:18 & Zec. 2:8). In addition He has not forsaken Israel (Jer. 51:5); Israel has been justified (Is. 45:25) and forgiven (Jer. 50:20); Israel has been inscribed on the palms of His hands (Is. 49:16); He has made an everlasting covenant with Israel (Heb. 8:8); and Israel will be gathered to Him in the latter days (Is. 11:11, 14:2, 19:24, 27:6 & 44:2. There are many other Scriptural references to God’s declaration of His love for Israel. The aforementioned verses are just a small sample of Biblical references as to what God has declared to and for His people Israel.
Isaiah 60 is one of many sections in the Bible devoted to Israel’s future; and her future is bright. For example, His glory will rise upon Israel; the Gentiles and their kings will come and minister to Israel bringing their wealth with them; the wealth of the Gentiles shall come to Israel; those who have afflicted or despised Israel will come seeking forgiveness; any nation that will not serve Israel will be destroyed; Israel will be glorified and will be an eternal excellence; all the people of Israel will be righteous; violence will no longer be heard; and Israel will inherit the land forever. God has NOT rejected Israel as the Qur’an declares.
The Qur’an oftentimes refers to the Jews (and Christians) as People of the Book (Bible). And the Qur’an often refers to a covenant between God and the Jews, and that the Jews broke that covenant. In contrast to our Bible, Allah has cursed them (Jews) on account of their blasphemy and unbelief (Qur’an 2:88). In Sura 5:51 Muslims are warned not to take Jews or Christians as friends; if they do so they (Muslims) are one of them (Jews or Christians), and thus deemed infidels as defined in the Qur’an. In Sura 5:60 anyone whom Allah has cursed and brought his wrath upon, he makes them apes and swine; and in Sura 5:64 it states that whenever the Jews kindle a fire for war, Allah puts it out.
Probably the most anti-Jewish reference is found in the Hadiths. Hadiths are the collection of reported claims of quotes by Mohammad, and are second only to the Qur’an, and are regarded as important tools for understanding the Qur’an. In the Hadith Saheed it says that: There will come a day when the Muslims will be victorious over the Jews, so that a rock will say, “O Muslim, here is a Jew behind me, come and kill him.”
Based on the love portrayed by the God of the Bible and the hatred portrayed by Allah of the Qur’an against the Jews, it is extremely difficult to imagine and believe that the God of Israel and Allah of Islam are the same deity. This love/hatred for Israel alone should be enough to convince all people that the God of Israel is not the Islamic Allah. However, an even larger difference is found in the person of Jesus.
The Qur’an frequently denies the deity of Jesus and have demoted Him to just a messenger or prophet (4:171; 5:75; 6:101). The Qur’an (4:157-159) also denies the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus; claiming that it was all a ruse by His followers and that Jesus will be a witness against the very people who believe this lie. The Qur’an also declares that anyone who believes that Jesus is God is guilty of blasphemy (5:17 & 72) and will abode in Hell.
The Bible, on the other hand, declares over and over the deity of Jesus, and that He is the Son of God. Probably the most recognized Bible verse is John 3:16: “For God so loved the world that He gave His only Son…” God, Himself declared Jesus His Son immediately after Jesus’ baptism in Matthew 3:17: “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well please” and God repeats these same words in Matt. 17:5 on the Mount of Transfiguration.
The first four Books of the New Testament are replete with declarations that Jesus is the Son of God. Here is a list of some of these affirmations: Matthew 2:15, 8:29, 14:33 and 16:16; Mark 1:11, 3:11, 5:7, 9:7, 14:61 and 15:39; Luke 1:32-35, 3:22, 4:41, 8:28, 9:35, 22:70-71; and John 1:18, 1:34, 1:49, 3:17-18, 3:35, 5:19-27, 10:36, 11:4, 11:27, 17:1, 19:7 and 20:31. These are just a sample of what’s contained in the New Testament proving that Jesus is the Son of God; just the opposite of what’s recorded in the Qur’an.
The New Testament also has many references that Jesus is God. Some of these are found in John 1:1, 14:8-10, 20:28, Heb. 1:8 and Col. 2:9.
As well there are many references in the New Testament of the pre-existence of Jesus. Again, some of these can be found in John 1:3, 8:56-58 and Col. 1:16-17.
When God appeared to Moses in the incident of the burning bush (Exodus 3:13-14), Moses was commanded to bring the children of Israel out of Egypt. Moses told God that the Israelites would ask him what was the name of the God of their fathers. God told Moses to tell them that His name was I AM. In the Book of John (Chapter 8), Jesus is speaking to the Jews and calls Himself by that very same name. In verse 58 Jesus responded to the Jews with this: “(B)efore Abraham was, I AM,” thus indicated His Diety. The Jews recognized this significance of this name and tried to stone Him to death, because it was blasphemous to claim to be God.
Also in the Old Testament in Isaiah 7:14, the prophet is prophesying of the coming Messiah: “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.” The name Immanuel means “God with Us.” And again in Isaiah 9:6: “For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” In Matthew 1:22-23 this prophecy is declared fulfilled in the birth of Jesus.
As previously mentioned, these references in the Old and New Testaments listed above are but a small sample of the proof depicted from Genesis to Revelation that Jesus is the Son of God, He is God and He pre-existed His birth in Bethlehem. John 1:1-2 says that: “He (Jesus) was the Word, the Word (Jesus) was with God, and the Word (Jesus) was God. He (Jesus) was in the beginning with God.” Consequently, when God created the heavens and the earth (Gen. 1:1), Jesus was there!
I believe I would be negligent if I didn’t include End-Time prophecies as recorded in the Bible, and the End-Time teachings of the Islamic community, particularly with regard to the appearance and actions of the Christian Jesus versus the Muslim Jesus. The Bible clearly states that our Messiah Jesus will return as King of kings, defeat the armies that will gather to fight Him and His people Israel, and reign on the throne of David in Jerusalem for a thousand years, ushering in a millennium of righteousness, peace and prosperity.
In Islamic End-Time teachings, their Messiah, called The Mahdi, along with the prophet Jesus appear on the scene. This Jesus, or Isa in Arabic, now claims he is a Muslim and what was written about him in our Bible is completely false, and he (Jesus/Isa) is responsible in forcing all people to become Muslims. Those who fail to do so, he condemns to death, no doubt through beheading because that is the most common method used today for infidels, or non-Muslims. (Additional information on the subject of the Mahdi and Isa can be found in my article on this blog entitled The Antichrist and False Prophet.)
It’s important to note that the Islamic Mahdi corresponds with the Biblical Antichrist and the Muslim prophet Isa corresponds with the Biblical False Prophet. Is it not significant to also note that this Muslim Jesus/Isa is called a prophet by the Islamic community, and the Bible defines that same person as the “false” prophet?
The God of the Bible desires a personal relationship with His creation, as is evident with Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, Abraham, and Moses, just to name a few. There is no evidence in the Qur’an of such a relationship between Allah and his followers.
The Bible records (Hebrews 9:22) that there is no forgiveness of sin unless there is the shedding of blood. As a result, the God of the Bible required animal sacrifices to be performed after Adam and Eve brought sin into our world. This requirement was to continue until our Messiah Jesus offered Himself as the Lamb of God to be the final sacrifice by offering His body to be killed and His blood shed for the sins of the entire human race. Allah of the Qur’an denies this sacrifice by Jesus ever occurred (4:157). In fact, in Islam there is no guarantee that one’s sins are forgiven. According to the Qur’an Allah has assigned two recorder angels (50:17-18) to each Muslim; one records the Muslim’s good deeds and the other records his or her bad deeds. It’s only after death, when the Muslim is standing before his god, the Islamic Allah, does the Muslim find out whether the good deeds outweigh the bad deeds. If the good deeds exceed the bad deeds, then that Muslim will be granted entry to Paradise; otherwise he or she will spend eternity in Islamic Hell. If both good and bad deeds are still on the books when Muslims die, then Allah has not forgiven his followers. This is the complete opposite of what the God of the Bible declares in Ephesians 2:8-9. We are saved by the grace of God only, and not our good works, lest we should then be able to boast that our good works saved us from our sins.
Another major difference, in my opinion, is in the shedding of innocent blood. Radical Muslims promote jihad and suicide bombings against the Infidels, regardless of whether the “Infidels” are from the West or fellow Muslims. This is an attempt to increase their “good” deeds that come with guaranteed entry into Paradise. Whereas Allah demands the blood of his followers as well as non-followers to be shed for the forgiveness of sins, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob willingly shed His own blood for the complete forgiveness of sins of the entire world.
I believe the above is but a small sample of the major differences between Allah, the god of Islam, as found in the Qur’an and other Islamic teachings; and Jehovah, the God of the Bible. I’m sure that many other differences can be found. But suffice to say the above are sufficient to prove, in my opinion, that our God and Allah are two completely separate deities and Christians should not fall into the satanic trap of believing otherwise.